Baby-Related Crafts

Making a meh dai* -- a simple Chinese-style carrier

Revised on June 2, to give larger straps. (Previous directions had 2.5" wide finished straps; these will be closer to 5.5" when finished.)

See also the mei tai strap bag -- great for using up those little scraps of material, and very handy in lieu of a diaper bag! Make a few, and you won't need to carry anything else at all. Can be used on the top and bottom straps, with no rethreading needed when you switch from front to back carries. This pattern is copyright to me (Jan Andrea) and is NOT for resale under ANY circumstances!

* Also known as mei tai, formerly (way back in the early 2000s!) known as an ABC or "Asian back carrier", as well as many regional language variants.

Materials needed:

Cutting out the fabric:

This doesn't require a specific pattern, happily. Just follow the measuring directions.

Note: these directions are best for non-stretchy (woven) fabrics. If you are using a stretch fabric, like interlock or jersey, you will probably want to cut the pieces out so they are parallel to the selvages, ra ther than perpendicular as shown below. The stretch should go across the carrier and straps, not up and down. So if you are using a stretch fabric, you'll need to buy enough to cut the length of the strap (about 60", or 1 2/3 yards).

For 45" wide fabric: this make a carrier with finished dimensions of roughly 18" wide by 20" high, with straps of 5" wide and (bottom) 22" long, (top) 45" long. (Note: this length may not be sufficient for larger wearers, or some ways of tying. Buy an extra 1/3 yard if you are concerned about strap length, and then you can piece the straps together.) Cut the strap pieces wider if you want wider straps.


For 60 " wide fabric: this make a carrier with finished dimensions of roughly 18" wide by 20" high, with straps of 5" wide and (bottom) 30" long, (top) 60" long. Cut the strap pieces wider if you want wider straps.

22.5"   30"

Please note:

  • Caveats: If you have a very small frame, this layout may not work for you. The body section is loosely based on other directions that appeared in the Yahoo! Babywearing group. It is fairly large. Consider making a mockup out of muslin or another cheap fabric, or just cutting a piece of newspaper to this size and holding it up to yourself. If either of these seems too large to you, cut the body section smaller. Some have noted that smaller carrier body dimensions are better for infants and smaller babies, something more along the lines of 16" by 18", and that the dimensions as shown above are better for toddlers. I highly recommend at least cutting a piece of newspaper to size and checking it out in the mirror; you can then make changes to the necessary sizes before cutting your fabric!
  • the number of straps you cut will depend on your size.
    • You'll want the straps to be long enough to go around you and tie comfortably. The finished carrier body is about 18" wide. If, for example, you are using 45" fabric and you have a 36" waist, you'll need another 18" of straps total, plus at least 9" on each side to tie the carrier. That's a total of 36" of strap length for the waist, so one 45" long piece cut in half (each piece 22.5" long) will suffice. If, however, you have a larger waist, you may want to cut two pieces and see how long you'll need to make each one.
    • the shoulder straps are the same way -- if you have a very small torso, a single 45" strap *may* be enough to go across your chest and tie in the reverse, but if you have a larger torso, you will probably want to cut three pieces, sew them all together so that you have a 135" long piece, and cut that in half to make two 62.5" long straps. Or cut four pieces and sew two together to make each strap 90" long. I recommend playing with a measuring tape to see how long you'll need the straps to be. The same thing goes for the 60" fabric, of course.
  • the width of the straps is up to you as well; if you think you'll want wider straps, buy that much more fabric. I have found that wider straps make for more comfortable wearing. The thinner the strap, the more padding you'll want to use; whereas a wide strap may not need padding at all. I have made an asian carrier for myself with 8" wide straps; I used a little pleat to attach them to the body of the carrier, but didn't add any padding. The carrier is quite comfortable that way.
  • You can also make the top of the carrier curved -- just curve the fabric for the body when you're cutting it out.

Sewing Directions:

  1. If you are using 45" fabric, your carrier body section is all set as cut out. Cut through the fold to make two separate, 22.5" by 20" pieces.
  2. If you are using 60" fabric, you will probably find that a 30" long carrier body is too long. I would recommend unfolding the fabric to its full 60" width and cutting off 10-15" of that length (as shown above). This will give you a 22-25" long carrier, and additional fabric to make a pocket. Refold the fabric in half, and cut in two.
  3. If you have fabric left over, make a patch pocket by sewing two layers together and turning right-side-out. Sew to outside carrier body piece where desired.
  4. If you need to sew strap pieces together to make each strap, do so now, right sides together, at the selvage ends. Make sure the pieces are sewn together very securely, as they will be holding the baby's weight. I would suggest stitching at least two seams, 1/4" from each other.
  5. Right sides together, sew the long edges of the strap pieces together. Finish one end of each strap. Turn right-side-out.
  6. For narrow shoulder straps (narrower than I have in the above layout), you can insert polar fleece pieces for padding. Wide shoulder straps will probably not require padding. (If you find that you prefer padding after you have sewn the carrier, you can make tubes out of fleece or another cushy material, and slide them over the existing straps.)
    1. Cut the 9" wide piece in half, so that you have two pieces that are 4.5" wide by 18" long (length, of course, is also up to you).
    2. Fold each piece in half to 2.25" by 18". Stitch across one of the narrow ends, and up the long end, if you desire.
    3. Use a ruler to push the fleece into the shoulder straps, so that about 3" is left unstuffed at the unfinished end -- this end will go into the carrier, and it's easier to sew through if it's not stuffed.
    4. Sew through all layers down the middle of the strap (like a backpack strap).
  7. Topstitch all finished strap edges. For padded shoulder straps, start topstitching where the padding ends, ra ther than trying to topstitch through the padding.
  8. Stack and pin layers as shown in the left-hand picture below. Sew all layers together, being careful to position the straps correctly. You may want to sew the top of the carrier first, then position the straps to sew them in.
    • Note: the positioning of the strap can make a big difference in the finished carrier! Straps at an angle, as shown, will allow the top of the carrier to arch out a little when the baby is in it, so s/he isn't squished. Straps sewn at closer to a 45 degree angle, as in the previous version of these directions, do not allow for as much arching, but that can be a plus if you're using stretchy material.
  9. Turn the carrier right side out through the hole. Topstitch around all the edges, reinforcing the straps as shown in the right-hand pictures below.
Sewing diagramTopstitching diagram  

Un-curved body: sewing and topstitching


Curved body: sewing and topstitching

Framed mei tai:

If you've quilted at all, this will be simple. If not, it should still be pretty simple :) All you're doing is either appliqueing a patch onto a panel, or sewing strips to the edges of a patch to make a panel.

First, decide on your mei tai's body size. You can use the measurements I have above, or your own. It helps to draw the full-sized body on a piece of newsprint or another large piece of paper, whatever you have handy (wrapping tissue paper works).

Framed mei taiNext, decide how large you want the framed piece to be. Draw it on your newsprint mockup.

For a pieced-together body: Cut the newsprint into three sections: the top, along the top of the framed piece; the middle; and the bottom, along the bottom of the framed piece. Now cut the middle into three more sections, using the left and right sides of the framed piece as your cutting lines. ( the bold red lines in the image at right show the cutting lines.)

When you cut your fabric using these pieces, remember to add a seam allowance of 1/2 to 5/8" along the lines that were cut in the pattern. Then sew them together in the opposite order you cut the newsprint -- first the middle sections, then the bottom to middle and middle to top. Topstitching around the framed piece adds strength and visual interest. Now, treat this panel just as you would the fashion fabric in a regular mei tai.

Appliqued panel on mei taiFor an appliqued body: This is even easier than the above. Cut a piece of your fashion fabric to the desired dimensions, plus a little bit for hemming. Hem the edges of the fashion fabric -- you'll only need to fold the fabric under once, since the raw edges will not be seen. Then pin the hemmed piece to your mei tai panel, and topstitch it in place. (Red dashed lines at right show the stitching lines).

You can use this second method to make a pocket; just make a nicer hem at the top of the fashion fabric, and sew the piece on only three sides (left, right, and bottom). That makes a very flat pocket, of course, but the addition of a pleat at the bottom of the patch, and some elastic at the top, will make a pocket that has more usefulness.

other sewing directions:

Kimber's "Ball Baby Overall" (wide straps, simple construction -- probably the best beginner pattern)

Beth's "Man Tai" (basic MT w/optional pocket, excellent photographic directions)

Sarah's Frankenkozy (wide, pleated straps, rounded top, photo-illustrated)

Beth Martin's Mei Tai (broad straps, horizonal access pocket, built-in headrest flap, photo-illustrated)

Susan's modified Mei Tai

Legs-Out Small Body MT

Mae's interchangeable panel Mei Tai

Olivia's Scandi-style MT

Chelsea and Shira's soft-structured carrier

Brooke's hood/headrest mei tai

Leslie's Onbuhimo

Lunamoth Mama's Mei Tai

Veronica's mei tai (with paper pattern)

Stacy's Stylin' mei tai

Link to me!

Did you use this pattern and like it? Please link back to me from your site or blog! (This is not an invitation to copy the file to your site, nor does it imply that the file is freeware. I invite links, but as I do make changes to the files on my site from time to time -- and often they are important ones -- I do not wish them copied to other sites.)


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